When you transfer property using a deed in Florida, you'll have to pay a tax on the value of that transfer. The transfer tax is also referred to as a "deed stamp," because at one point in time, payment of transfer tax was signified by having the deed marked with a special stamp.
The Florida deed transfer tax is also referred to as a "documentary stamp tax." The tax applies to both warranty and quitclaim deeds. It also applies to other real estate transfers, including mineral or timber rights, easements, and leasehold interest. The transfer tax is also due on deed-in-lieu of foreclosure transactions, contracts for deed, and assignments of contracts for deed.
Florida has a state-wide deed stamp tax rate of 70 cents per $100 of value transferred. The one exception to this rate is in Miami-Dade County, where the basic tax rate is 60 cents per $100 of value for single-family residences, plus an additional 45 cents per $100 for anything other than a single-family home. For instance, a $100,000 house would carry a $600 tax in Miami and a $700 tax in Fort Lauderdale or Orlando. A $200,000 three-plex's deed stamps would cost $1,400 in Fort Lauderdale or Orlando and $2,100 in Miami-Dade.
In addition to paying taxes on recording a deed. Florida also imposes two taxes on mortgages. The mortgage amount is subject to a 35 cent per $100 tax for its deed stamp, then to an additional 20 cents per $100 intangible tax. The tax -- totaling 55 cents per $100 -- applies only to the amount of the mortgage. If you take out a $90,000 mortgage on your $100,000 house, you'd pay $495 in mortgage deed stamp and intangible tax in addition to the $600 or $700 in regular deed stamp tax.
In Florida, sellers traditionally pay for deed stamps, and buyers pay the tax on their own mortgages, but these are rules of thumb. Florida's law doesn't distinguish between who pays the tax. The state primarily concerns itself with getting the revenue, and the payment of deed stamp tax can be negotiated between the parties.
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