# Accounting

### How to Calculate Selling Price Variance

Sales price variance measures the change in a company's total budgeted revenue to the actual revenue earned on a product. To figure the selling price variance, you need to know ...

### How to Calculate the Average Return for the Share of Stock in Excel

Calculating the average annual return for a share of stock requires you to know the starting price, ending price, dividends paid and the duration for which the stock was held. You ...

### The Advantages of Calculating Accounts Receivable Turnover

The accounts receivable turnover ratio is an effective measure of your company’s liquidity. It measures the amount of credit you extend and how quickly you collect on those ...

### How Can I Do My Taxes Without My W-2s?

The Form W-2 that you receive from your employer each year makes filing your income taxes much easier because all of the information that you need for your tax return is listed in ...

### How to Calculate the Annualized Holding Period Return

The holding period return, or HPR, calculates the overall rate of return for the time that you held a particular investment. Since people hold investments for varying periods of ...

### How to Calculate Interest Rate Using Present and Future Value

Present value, interest rate and future value all relate closely to the time value of money. While the interest rate – a percentage of the present value, also called the ...

### What Circumstances Cause a Firm to Experience Diminishing Marginal Returns?

The law of diminishing returns, or the law of variable proportions, acknowledges that a firm can combine its resources in different proportions and still produce the same product. ...

### How to Calculate a Cash Budget

To stay afloat and prosper, a company must keep track of its incoming and outgoing cash. A cash budget is a type of management plan in which a business tracks the amount of money ...

### How to Calculate a Marginal Revenue Derivative

Economists informally call a product's marginal revenue the increased revenue from a single new sale. This definition is not entirely accurate. That formula finds the increased ...

### How to Calculate the Amortization of Intangible Asset

Intangible assets include trademarks, patents, copyrights and trade names. Another common intangible asset is the remaining value of an acquired company that cannot be assigned to ...

### How to Calculate Income as a Percentage of Revenue

The net income of a company can be measured before or after taxes. Measuring a company's income as a percentage of revenue is one way to gauge how efficiently the company works - ...

### 8 Steps to Creating a Contract

A contract is a legally binding agreement between two parties. Its purpose is to outline the responsibilities and obligations of each party. A contract is utilized in various ...

### How to Calculate Static Budget Variances

A static budget uses anticipated activity in its estimations, and doesn't change during the period of time the budget covers, regardless of what actually happens. Actual activity, ...

### How to Calculate the Equilibrium Level of Income

The equilibrium income of an economy is the point where consumers' expected spending matches their actual spending. In other words, companies sell as much of their inventories as ...

### How to Calculate Margin Mix

A company’s margin mix is based on its sales mix. Many businesses sell more than one product or service, and those businesses must determine which products are the most ...

### Multiple Step vs. Single Step Income Statement

An income statement, also known as a profit and loss statement, demonstrates a company's financial performance during a defined period of time such as a month, quarter or year. An ...

### How to Calculate the Beta of a Bond

The beta of a bond represents how the bond's returns relate to the returns of the financial market in general. Beta for any particular bond is calculated using the slope function. ...